Inter- and intrageneric phylogenetic relationships of Passeridae; zoom on the Old World sparrow clade of the combined MCMC tree from three runs with BEAST 30 Million generations each, burning 3000 trees (of 30.000 sampled trees); node support: Bayesian posterior probabilities above nodes, thorough bootstrap from RAXML below nodes; full node support from both analyses (BI: 1.00, ML:100) indicated by an asterisk; conflicting topology in the RAXML tree indicated by “-“;# = poor node support values below 0.5 (BI) and 50 (ML); bars with numbers indicate indels of nuclear introns shared by all members of the respective clade (grey= myoglobin; white= ODC; += insertion; -= deletion); variation of two male plumage color traits indicated at tip clades for species of Passer, Petronia and Gymnoris; head pattern according to Stephan (2000) who classified the grey-headed P. simplex and the Sudan golden sparrow (P. luteus) as ancestral forms of brown-headed sparrows.

  Part of: Päckert M, Hering J, Belkacem AA, Sun Y-H, Hille S, Lkhagvasuren D, Islam S, Martens J (2021) A revised multilocus phylogeny of Old World sparrows (Aves: Passeridae). Vertebrate Zoology 71: 353-366.